Please note that you are using an outdated version of Internet Explorer which is not compatible with some elements of the site. We strongly urge you to update to a newer version for optimal browsing experience.

Mass urbanisation: Africa’s burgeoning big cities

26 Jun 2018

Africa’s burgeoning big cities will play an increasingly central role in the continent’s growth and development, driven largely by Africa’s rapid urbanisation. However, the development of smaller, secondary cities is also important and presents nascent opportunities.

These were some of the key messages to come out of the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors’ (RICS) Summit Africa 2018, which took place recently (30-31 May) in Sandton Central, Johannesburg. The fourth annual edition of RICS’ Summit Africa attracted over 220 local and international built environment professionals, as well as government and business leaders, academics and media.

“Financially empowered, cities can adapt to the changing world faster than nations can,” said Tompkins, citing Africa’s most populous city, Lagos in Nigeria, as a “miracle story”.

During his opening conference address, RICS Chief Executive, Sean Tompkins, stressed the growing importance of cities, and the need for metropolises to be more financially empowered in dealing with urbanisation and infrastructure challenges.

“Across Africa, families are packing up their lives and trekking to cities… The future of our cities is in flux. More than ever, city leaders need to be proactive rather than reactive, becoming one with their urban citizens.

“From Accra to Nairobi, African cities are booming, but local financing of infrastructure is not keeping pace with population growth. Cities need to become more independent from national budgets. Kampala, for instance, has turned to property taxes as a new source of revenue… But, to keep pace with urbanisation, cities can’t rely solely on user or property charges to retrofit and expand themselves,” said Tompkins.

He said poor access to finance is a key stumbling block when trying to develop a city’s transport, housing stock and utilities. The low tax base in many African economies was another challenge Tompkins highlighted, which restricted the ability of growing cities to invest in much needed infrastructure projects. He also cited debt across the continent as a worry. However, he said there were ways of improving access to finance in developing countries, highlighting Public Private Partnerships (PPPs) as a way for paying for major public works.

“Financially empowered, cities can adapt to the changing world faster than nations can,” said Tompkins, citing Africa’s most populous city, Lagos in Nigeria, as a “miracle story”. He said Lagos had recently started bringing oil refinement in-house and creating a new industry for the city, and a new local supply of petrol and kerosene for Nigeria.

“In a move to cut the cord from Nigeria’s unreliable power supply, the city is also starting to generate and distribute its own electricity. City managers now believe Lagos will have 24/7 energy within the next five years… These two developments tell a positive story of the city becoming more economically independent from the nation, where shocks from the wider world are less devastating to its people and businesses,” added Tompkins.

Addressing the gala dinner of RICS Summit Africa, Xoliswa Daku, CEO of Daku Group, said while mass urbanisation in Africa was seeing much of the focus being placed on major cities, smaller or mid-sized cities were the ones to look at too in terms of investment and infrastructure roll-out.

“I believe there is value to be had for businesses and developers to invest in small cities. It is also a way of dealing with urbanisation more sustainably, where people don’t only descend on the big cities for opportunities,” she said.

RICS President, John Hughes (FRICS), said Africa was a continent of huge opportunities, boosted by its young population and immense natural resources. However, he said rapid urbanisation to Africa’s cities and climate change presented major challenges. Hughes is the founding partner of Canadian-based Hemson Consulting, an advisory firm focused on urban and regional growth management.

He said: “The sustainable development of cities - not just in Africa, but around the world - has become more crucial than ever before. Cities are home to most of the world’s population and are set to attract even more people in years to come. We need to recognise the growing importance of cities, as urbanisation gathers momentum… National governments should not be concerned about the growing power of cities, but rather support the development of cities.”

Hughes added that rural areas should not be ignored, but stressed greater focus still needs to be placed on cities. He agreed with Daku that attention also needed to be paid to smaller, secondary cities, saying more should be done to develop smaller urban centres.

“Most economic growth is generated in cities. Crucially, economic growth is dependent upon a good physical environment to operate in. We can’t have cities where you sit for hours in traffic trying to get to the airport… In Africa and much of the developing world, the pace that urbanisation is taking, is outpacing physical infrastructure development,” he said.

Hughes added that as a global organisation with 150 years of experience, RICS could contribute to addressing some of these challenges. He said collaboration was key for RICS, as it partnered with organisations in Africa to contribute to the development of sustainable and more resilient cities, and the broader built environment sector on the continent.

London-based RICS is an international professional organisation that marks its milestone 150th Anniversary this year. RICS promotes and enforces the highest qualifications and standards in the areas of land, real estate, construction and infrastructure. As a public benefit organisation, RICS operates in all the world’s major financial hubs in delivering international standards and policy influence.

Sponsors of this year’s RICS Summit Africa included Broll Property Group, Cushman & Wakefield Excellerate, Colliers International, Attacq Limited and the Green Building Council South Africa (GBCSA). The summit has entrenched itself as one of the main events on the global RICS calendar and is supported by the International Facilities Management Association.

For more information, visit

Print Print
Top Articles
Estates in Hoedspruit, Modimolle, Lydenburg and Bloemfontein offer serene African bushveld living, with stands selling from R200k and homes from R1.2m. Take a look...

South Africa's 'coolest mall' has been recognised as an innovative player in the retail space, hosting various events and delighting shoppers with over 300 stores...

The number of bonds granted was up 19.2% in the 12 months to end-September compared to the previous period, with more first-time buyers getting into the market. Read on...


Your browser is out of date!

It looks like you are using an outdated version of Internet Explorer.

If you are using Internet Explorer 8 or higher, please verify that your Internet Explorer compatibility view settings are not enabled.

For the best browsing experience, update to the latest Version of Internet Explorer or try out Google Chrome or Mozilla Firefox.

Please contact our Property24 Support Team for further assistance. Tel. +27 (0)861 111 724